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Government Of Assam Department of Cultural Affairs Art and Craft College

Department Of Sculpture

Sculpture is three dimensional art. Traditionally there are two main methods, - carving and modeling. Carving material such as wood or stone and modeling of forms by adding pieces of materials such as potter clay, junk iron, brass, silver etc . Modern artists have explored new materials and techniques. Basic materials as used in sculpture are clay, cement, plaster of paris, wood, stone, metals & fibre etc.
     Sculpture can be simply defined as "the Action or Art of making status by carving or chiseling (as in wood or stone) by modeling (as in potter clay) or by casting (as in melted metals) as a work of art produced by sculpting".


1. Study of drawing from life :- (Classification Indian drawing)

(i) Canons of measurement.
(ii) Canons of resemblance and similarity.
(iii) Canons of pose and attitude or gesture.

2. Principles of measurement in ancient Greek and Greco-Roman style.

3. The important points in a sculpture's technique of drawing.

4. Study of clay (Relief sculpture) :-

(i) The technical details of making a relief work.
(ii) Chemical and physical properties of common earth clay.
(iii) Advantage and disadvantage of earth clay, as sculpture medium.
(iv) Selection of clay and process of drying.
(v) The processing of wedging / checking / cracking.

5. Study of composition :-

Basic Sculpture problems involved in a composition such as lines, rhythm, volume, concave and convex, interplay of light and shade. Technical details in making of full figure / half figure.

6. Study of Terracotta:-

(i) The preparation of Terracotta clay.
(ii) The process of making graph and its mixing to reduce shrinkage and warping.
(iii) The Technique of firing terracotta.
(iv) The parametric cone and traditional Indian method and firing terracotta, clay work. 1
(v) The modern way of firing terracotta work.
(vi) Ingredients of mixes for firing terracotta and modeling techniques in terracotta / Relief work / Coil process / check on potter's wheel process.

7. Study of Wood Carving :-

(i) The importance of the nature of wood in Sculpture.
(ii) Weight of wood arrangement of fibre, structural homogeneity
(iii) Wood detection of hard and softwood from external signs.
(iv) Local varieties of wood which are in common use in Sculpture Teak,Mahogany, Gomari, Haldi, Siris, Rose Wood etc.
(v) The process of shaping of wood.
(vi) Shrinkage factors in wood and their treatment.
(vii) The technique of finishing and colouring of wood.
(viii) The technique of carving in wood and preserving of wood.

8. Study of Molding & Casting :-

(i) Physical and chemical properties of plaster of paris.
(ii) Advantages and disadvantages of plaster as a medium of sculpture.
(iii) Preparation of plaster mixing.
(iv) The process of making plaster molds.
(v) Accelerating agents used for sufficiently quick setting of plaster for casting process.
(vi) The technique used for hardening and strengthening of plaster cast.
(vii) The process of water proofing and drying.
(viii) The technique of retrenching and repairing.
(ix) The colouring of plaster cast
(x) The technique of using synthetic molds, Rubber molds, cold molding compound and a flexible mold system, gelatin mold, epoxy, resin etc.

9. Study of stone carving :-

(i) Local varieties of stone that are in common used in sculpture-granite, marble, sand stones etc.
(ii) Selection of stone for the purpose of carving.
(iii) The treatment of stone in carving / pointing enlarging / polishing and cleaning.
(iv) The technique of repairing and direct and indirect methods of stone carving.

10. Study of Metal Casting :-

(i)Sculptural use of Metals and Alloys.
(ii) Historical notes of Metal.
(iii) The process of metal casting sand – mold process / Dokra process / The lost-was or cire-perdue process.
(iv) Cleaning retouching and finishing the metal sculpture.
(v) Different tools for casting process.
(vi) The patina technique. List text-3
(vii) De-waxing and De-foaming technique / wax preparation / waxing technique / and plaster investment technique
(viii) Technique of piece mold and mother mold technique.

11.Study of formal elements from traditional sculpture (Mask making technique).